Portrait Medallion - James ('Athenian') Stuart - 1959
Portrait Medallion of James ‘Athenian’ Stuart (1713-1788). In white jasper, green dip and white relief. 1785. James ‘Athenian’ Stuart (1713-1788) was a recognised authority on classical art, headed the list of those who recommended Wedgwood’s election as a fellow of the Royal Society. The candidature was formally read on 30 May 1782. The ballot for election took place on 16 January 1783.
Stuart became the recognised authority on classical art following the publication in 1762 of the first volume of the ‘Antiquities of Athens’, a work which incorporates drawings made by himself, the measurements having been taken by his companion Revett during a visit they made together to Athens from 1751-1753.Wedgwood with his growing interest in the neo-classical style, valued Stuart’s friendship and it was Stuart whose name headed the list of those recommending Wedgwood for election as a Fellow of the Royal Society.
- Type of object: Plaques and medallions/portrait medallion
- Mark: JAMES STUART
1713 - 1788
MADE IN ENGLAND
- Year produced: 1959
- Body: Jasper
- Material: ceramic
- Decoration: ornamented
- Accession number: 10546
- Dimensions: 95 mm (length), 80 mm (height)
James 'Athenian' Stuart
James 'Athenian' Stuart - Subject (1713 - 1788)
Born in London in 1713, the son of a Scottish sailor, James was to become an English archaeologist, best known for pioneering Neoclassicism. He acted also as an interior designer, medal designer and architect. He specialised in building and re-modelling country houses, garden buildings and town houses. Work at Shugborough Hall, Hagley Hall and Spencer House stand testament to his skills. James was appointed Surveyor to the Royal Naval Hospital Greenwich. He led a chaotic and colourful life resulting in deteriorating health through gout and alcoholism. He died in 1788.